( 2004 )
Phylogenetic distribution of unusual triheme to tetraheme cytochrome subunit in the reaction center complex of purple photosynthetic bacteria.
PMID : 16228402 : DOI : 10.1023/B:PRES.0000011922.56394.92
To understand the evolutionary relationship between triheme and tetraheme cytochrome subunits in the reaction center complex, genes located downstream of that coding for the M subunit of the reaction center complex (pufM) were amplified by PCR and analyzed in six established and two unidentified species of the genus Rhodovulum and five species of the genus Rhodobacter. All the Rhodovulum species tested had the pufC gene coding for the reaction-center-bound cytochrome subunit, while all the Rhodobacter species were found to have the pufX gene at the corresponding position. Analyses of the amino acid sequences of the pufC gene products showed that the cytochrome subunits of all the Rhodovulum species have three heme-binding-motifs and lack a methionine residue probably working as the sixth axial-ligand to one of the three hemes. Phylogenetic relationships among Rhodovulum species based on the pufC gene products were basically consistent with those based on 16S rRNA sequences, suggesting that the basic characteristics of the triheme cytochrome subunit have been conserved during the evolutionary process of the Rhodovulum species.
( 2004 )
The nitrogen-fixing gene (nifH) of Rhodopseudomonas palustris: a case of lateral gene transfer?
PMID : 15256566 : DOI : 10.1099/mic.0.26940-0
Nitrogen fixation is catalysed by some photosynthetic bacteria. This paper presents a phylogenetic comparison of a nitrogen fixation gene (nifH) with the aim of elucidating the processes underlying the evolutionary history of Rhodopseudomonas palustris. In the NifH phylogeny, strains of Rps. palustris were placed in close association with Rhodobacter spp. and other phototrophic purple non-sulfur bacteria belonging to the alpha-Proteobacteria, separated from its close relatives Bradyrhizobium japonicum and the phototrophic rhizobia (Bradyrhizobium spp. IRBG 2, IRBG 228, IRBG 230 and BTAi 1) as deduced from the 16S rRNA phylogeny. The close association of the strains of Rps. palustris with those of Rhodobacter and Rhodovulum, as well as Rhodospirillum rubrum, was supported by the mol% G+C of their nifH gene and by the signature sequences found in the sequence alignment. In contrast, comparison of a number of informational and operational genes common to Rps. palustris CGA009, B. japonicum USDA 110 and Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1 suggested that the genome of Rps. palustris is more related to that of B. japonicum than to the Rba. sphaeroides genome. These results strongly suggest that the nifH of Rps. palustris is highly related to those of the phototrophic purple non-sulfur bacteria included in this study, and might have come from an ancestral gene common to these phototrophic species through lateral gene transfer. Although this finding complicates the use of nifH to infer the phylogenetic relationships among the phototrophic bacteria in molecular diversity studies, it establishes a framework to resolve the origins and diversification of nitrogen fixation among the phototrophic bacteria in the alpha-Proteobacteria.