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1. Samuels  GJ,     ( 2006 )

Trichoderma: systematics, the sexual state, and ecology.

Phytopathology 96 (2)
PMID : 18943925  :   DOI  :   10.1094/PHYTO-96-0195    
Abstract >>
ABSTRACT A chronology is presented that charts the development of a genus and species concept in Trichoderma. Eighty-nine species of Trichoderma have been named, and several species of Hypocrea have been linked to unnamed Trichoderma anamorphs. Eighty-three taxa of Trichoderma and their teleomorphs, Hypocrea spp., have been included in phylogenetic analyses, including 11 species of Hypocrea with unnamed Trichoderma anamorphs. Phylogenetic analyses show that Trichoderma and Hypocrea are congeneric. Trichoderma species not linked to Hypocrea teleomorphs are derived from among species that are linked to teleomorphs, indicating sexual and asexual lineages are not independent of each other. Many more species remain to be discovered and described. Molecular phylogenetic analyses have revealed the existence of more species than have been recognized on the basis of morphology alone. A suggestion is made to modify the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature to enable adoption of a single generic name for Trichoderma/Hypocrea, with Trichoderma being the older and more utilitarian name. As increasing numbers of species are studied, the few morphological characters of anamorph and teleomorph have reached their limit for defining species. DNA-based characters have assumed an indispensable role. Exploration of new niches, such as within tree trunks and new geographic locations, have resulted in a substantial increase in the number of species of Trichoderma. Trichoderma is usually considered a genus of free-living soil fungi but evidence suggests that Trichoderma species may be opportunistic, avirulent plant symbionts as well as parasites of other fungi. Members of the genus Trichoderma are universally present in soils, although individual species may be either cosmopolitan (e.g., T. harzianum) or limited (e.g., T. viride) in their geographic distribution. To facilitate identification of species, a list of correctly identified strains of Trichoderma and their GenBank numbers for sequences of translation-elongation factor EF-1alpha and internal transcribed spacer rDNA is provided.
KeywordMeSH Terms
2. Jaklitsch  WM, Voglmayr  H,     ( 2015 )

Biodiversity of Trichoderma (Hypocreaceae) in Southern Europe and Macaronesia.

Studies in mycology 80 (N/A)
PMID : 26955191  :   DOI  :   10.1016/j.simyco.2014.11.001     PMC  :   PMC4779795    
Abstract >>
The first large-scale survey of sexual and asexual Trichoderma morphs collected from plant and fungal materials conducted in Southern Europe and Macaronesia including a few collections from French islands east of Africa yielded more than 650 specimens identified to the species level. Routine sequencing of tef1 revealed a genetic variation among these isolates that exceeds previous experience and ca. 90 species were recognized, of which 74 are named and 17 species newly described. Aphysiostroma stercorarium is combined in Trichoderma. For the first time a sexual morph is described for T. hamatum. The hitherto most complete phylogenetic tree is presented for the entire genus Trichoderma, based on rpb2 sequences. For the first time also a genus-wide phylogenetic tree based on acl1 sequences is shown. Detailed phylogenetic analyses using tef1 sequences are presented in four separate trees representing major clades of Trichoderma. Discussions involve species composition of clades and ecological and biogeographic considerations including distribution of species.
KeywordMeSH Terms
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
New species
Phylogenetic analysis
Systematics
T. ceciliae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. christiani Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. cremeoides Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. europaeum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. euskadiense Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. gliocladium Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. hausknechtii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. helicolixii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. istrianum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. italicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. leguminosarum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. mediterraneum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. pararogersonii Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. paratroviride Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. priscilae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
T. rubi Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma balearicum Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
Trichoderma stercorarium (Barrasa, A.T. Martínez & G. Moreno) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr
acl1
rpb2
tef1
3. Jaklitsch  WM, Lechat  C, Voglmayr  H,     ( N/A )

The rise and fall of Sarawakus (Hypocreaceae, Ascomycota).

Mycologia 106 (1)
PMID : 24603837  :   DOI  :   10.3852/13-117     PMC  :   PMC4140013    
Abstract >>
Species of Sarawakus are rarely encountered. Their teleomorphs resemble sexual stages of Trichoderma, formerly called Hypocrea, but differ from that genus by unicellular ascospores. The two green-spored species S. britannicus and the type species of Sarawakus, S. lycogaloides, recently were collected, compared with their types and cultured. We redescribe and illustrate these species and transfer them to Trichoderma, based on phylogenetic analysis of the translation elongation factor 1-alpha encoding gene (tef1), containing the two last introns and exon, and a part of the rpb2 gene, encoding the second largest RNA polymerase subunit. Trichoderma lycogaloides, was found to cluster with Hypocrea sulawesensis, an unusual species of Trichoderma, while T. britannicum is closely related to T. aerugineum of the Spinulosa clade. The anamorphs of the two examined species are characterized by (odd) verticillium-like conidiophores, large cylindrical phialides and conidia, which belong to the largest of those species forming green conidia, oval to subglobose in T. lycogaloides and oblong in T. britannicum. All species currently recognized in Sarawakus are transferred to Trichoderma, introducing the new combinations T. fragile, T. hexasporum, T. izawae, T. sordidum, T. subtrachycarpum, T. succisum and T. trachycarpum and the new name T. rosellum. Trichoderma trachycarpum is redescribed and illustrated from an isotype.
KeywordMeSH Terms
Ascomycota
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
Thuemenella
Trichoderma
pyrenomycetes
rpb2
tef1
Ascomycota
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
Thuemenella
Trichoderma
pyrenomycetes
rpb2
tef1
Ascomycota
Hypocrea
Hypocreaceae
Hypocreales
Thuemenella
Trichoderma
pyrenomycetes
rpb2
tef1

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