|Taxonomy Citation ID||Reference|
( 1992 )
Three-dimensional structure of catalase from Micrococcus lysodeikticus at 1.5 A resolution.
PMID : 1426241 DOI : 10.1016/0014-5793(92)80919-8 DOI : 10.1016/0014-5793(92)80919-8
The three-dimensional crystal structure of catalase from Micrococcus lysodeikticus has been solved by multiple isomorphous replacement and refined at 1.5 A resolution. The subunit of the tetrameric molecule of 222 symmetry consists of a single polypeptide chain of about 500 amino acid residues and one haem group. The crystals belong to space group P4(2)2(1)2 with unit cell parameters a = b = 106.7 A, c = 106.3 A, and there is one subunit of the tetramer per asymmetric unit. The amino acid sequence has been tentatively determined by computer graphics model building and comparison with the known three-dimensional structure of beef liver catalase and sequences of several other catalases. The atomic model has been refined by Hendrickson and Konnert's least-squares minimisation against 94,315 reflections between 8 A and 1.5 A. The final model consists of 3,977 non-hydrogen atoms of the protein and haem group, 426 water molecules and one sulphate ion. The secondary and tertiary structures of the bacterial catalase have been analyzed and a comparison with the structure of beef liver catalase has been made.
( 1976 )
Classification of micrococci on the basis of deoxyribonucleic acid homology.
PMID : 180238 DOI : 10.1099/00221287-94-1-97
The DNA homology relationships of 25 micrococci (15 strains of Micrococcus, eight strains of Sarcina and two strains of Staphylococcus) were studied by the deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization method using nuclease S1, an endonuclease specific for single-stranded DNA molecules. Nineteen of the strains were classified into three groups. Group I contained Micrococcus lysodeikticus IAMI056, M. luteus IAMI1010, M. flavus IAMI2005 and IAMI2006, Sarcina flava IAMI2007 and IAMI1006. S. subflava IAMI2009, S. lutea ATCC381, and ATCC382, and M. luteus IAMI1006. Group II contained M. roseus IAMI315, ATCC412, ATCC185 and IAMI295. Group III contained S. lutea IAMI099, IFO3232 and ATCC383, M. varians ATCC399 and Staphylococcus lactis ATCC15306. Micrococcus luteus IAMI097, M. varians ATCC19099 and ATCC19100, M. conglomeratus IAMI459 and IAMI470, and St. aureus IAMI011 could not be assigned to any of the three groups. The grouping corresponds to that derived from the results of differential lysis by lysozyme, 'lytic enzyme 2' from Cytophaga sp., or Streptomyces albus G enzyme; and to types of peptidoglycan in the cell walls and genetic transformation. The usefulness of classification based on sensitivity to various lytic enzymes was demonstrated. Group I probably coincides with M. luteus of Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (1974), and groups II and III with M. roseus and M. varians respectively.
|2759||Skerman, V.B.D., McGowan, V., and Sneath, P.H.A. (editors). "Approved lists of bacterial names." Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1980) 30:225-420. [No PubMed record available.]|
|7868||Fleming, A. "On a remarkable bacteriolytic element found in tissues and secretions." Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B Biol. Sci. (1922) 93:306-317. [No PubMed record available.]|
|8506||Most strains originally deposited as "Micrococcus flavus" in various culture collections have been reclassified as Micrococcus luteus.||10018||
( 2002 )
Emended descriptions of the genus Micrococcus, Micrococcus luteus (Cohn 1872) and Micrococcus lylae (Kloos et al. 1974).
PMID : 11931177 DOI : 10.1099/00207713-52-2-629
Nine yellow-pigmented, spherical bacterial strains isolated from a medieval wall painting (strain D7), from indoor air (strains 3, 6, 7, 13C2, 38, 83 and 118) and from an activated-sludge plant (strain Ballarat) were classified by a polyphasic approach. Analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequences of three representatives (strains D7, 118 and Ballarat) indicated that they all belong to the genus Micrococcus. The three isolates shared the highest sequence similarities with Micrococcus luteus DSM 20030T (97.9-98%), Micrococcus antarcticus AS 1.2372T (97.9-98.3%) and Micrococcus lylae DSM 20315T (97.5-97.9%). DNA-DNA reassociation studies clearly demonstrated that all nine isolates belong to the species M. luteus. However, neither their chemotaxonomic features nor their physiological and biochemical properties were consistent with those of M. luteus DSM 20030T. In contrast to M. luteus DSM 20030T, all isolates investigated possessed MK-8(H2) as the major respiratory quinone, and strain Ballarat had an A4alpha peptidoglycan type. On the basis of analyses of their Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy spectra, isolates D7, 3, 6, 7, 13C2, 38, 83 and 118 could be grouped into a single cluster separate from M. luteus DSM 20030T, strain Ballarat and M. lylae DSM 20315T. In addition, all these isolates could be distinguished from M. luteus DSM 20030T by their ability to assimilate D-maltose, D-trehalose, DL-3-hydroxybutyrate, DL-lactate, pyruvate and L-histidine and to hydrolyse casein. Strains D7, 3, 6, 7, 13C2, 38, 83 and 118 differed from both M. luteus DSM 20030T and strain Ballarat by their ability to assimilate acetate, L-phenylalanine, L-serine and phenylacetate. Furthermore, REP-PCR fingerprinting yielded one common band for these strains, whereas this band was not observed for M. luteus DSM 20030T, strain Ballarat or M. lylae DSM 20315T. On the basis of these data, the species M. luteus can be divided into three biovars that are distinguished by several chemotaxonomic and biochemical traits: biovar I, represented by M. luteus DSM 20030T; biovar II, represented by strains D7 (= DSM 14234 = CCM 4959), 3, 6, 7, 13C2, 38, 83 and 118; and biovar III, represented by strain Ballarat (= DSM 14235 = CCM 4960). On the basis of the results generated in this study, emended descriptions of the genus Micrococcus and the species M. luteus and M. lylae are given.