|Taxonomy Citation ID||Reference|
( 2014 )
Nesterenkonia rhizosphaerae sp. nov., an alkaliphilic actinobacterium isolated from rhizosphere soil in a saline-alkaline desert.
PMID : 25225260 DOI : 10.1099/ijs.0.066894-0
An alkaliphilic actinobacterial strain, designated EGI 80099(T), was isolated from a rhizosphere soil sample of Reaumuria soongorica found in the desert soils of Fukang, Xinjiang, north-west China. Cells of strain EGI 80099(T) were Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-endospore-forming cocci. The predominant menaquinones were MK-7, MK-8 and MK-9. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. Analysis of the cell wall showed the presence of peptidoglycan of the type l-Lys-Gly-l-Glu, variation A4�\. Cells of the isolate contained phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, an unknown phospholipid and an unidentified glycolipid as polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 63.4 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain EGI 80099(T) belongs to the genus Nesterenkonia, sharing 95.68-97.37 % sequence similarities with the type strains of recognized species within this genus. DNA-DNA hybridization of strain EGI 80099(T) with the type strains of species that showed the highest sequence similarities, Nesterenkonia aethiopica DSM 17733(T) (97.37 %), Nesterenkonia flava CAAS 251(T) (97.23 %) and Nesterenkonia xinjiangensis YIM 70097(T) (97.02 %), gave relatedness values of 8.7-62.2 %. Data from DNA-DNA hybridizations and physiological and biochemical tests indicated that strain EGI 80099(T) represents a novel species of the genus Nesterenkonia, for which the name Nesterenkonia rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is EGI 80099(T) (= BCRC 16947(T) = JCM 19129(T)).