|Taxonomy Citation ID||Reference|
|3654||VALIDATION LIST No. 70. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1999) 49:935-936.||5218||
( 1999 )
Physiological and phylogenetic diversity of bacteria growing on resin acids.
PMID : 10188280 DOI : 10.1016/S0723-2020(99)80029-0
Resin acids are tricyclic diterpenes which are synthesized by trees and are a major cause of toxicity of pulp mill effluents. Bacterial strains isolated from three different sources and which grow on resin acids were physiologically characterized. Eleven strains, representating distinct groups, were further characterized physiologically and phylogenetically. The isolates had distinct specificities for use, as growth substrates, of the different resin acids tested. The isolates also used fatty acids but were generally limited in use of other diverse substrates tested. According to their 16S rDNA sequences, the representative isolates are related to members of the genera, Sphingomonas, Zoogloea, Ralstonia, Burkholderia, Pseudomonas and Mycobacterium. Analysis of whole-cell fatty acid profiles generally supported those phylogenetic relationships. However, most of the isolated did not have high similarities to reference strains in the Microbial Identification System database of fatty acid profiles or in the Biolog database of substrate oxidation patterns. Described species of Sphingomonas, Zoolgoea, Burkholderia Pseudomonas, most closely related to the isolates we characterized, failed to grow on, or degrade, resin acids. We propose recognition of Zoogloea resiniphila sp. nov., Pseudomonas vancouverensis sp. nov., P. abietaniphila sp. nov. and P. multiresinivorans sp. nov.