( 2007 )
Multigene phylogenetic analysis of the Trichomonascus, Wickerhamiella and Zygoascus yeast clades, and the proposal of Sugiyamaella gen. nov. and 14 new species combinations.
PMID : 17311592 : DOI : 10.1111/j.1567-1364.2006.00157.x
Relationships among species assigned to the ascosporic yeast genera Sporopachydermia, Stephanoascus, Trichomonascus, Wickerhamiella and Zygoascus, and to the associated anamorphic genera Arxula, Blastobotrys, Sympodiomyces and Trigonopsis, were determined from phylogenetic analyses of gene sequences from the nearly complete large-subunit rRNA gene, the mitochondrial small-subunit rRNA gene, and cytochrome oxidase II. The genus Stephanoascus is polyphyletic, resulting in reassignment of two species to the older genus Trichomonascus and the third to Sugiyamaella gen. nov. (type species Sugiyamaella smithiae). The genera Sporopachydermia, Wickerhamiella and Zygoascus appear to be monophyletic. The species Pichia ofunaensis and P. tannicola are proposed for transfer to Zygoascus. Arxula, Blastobotrys and Sympodiomyces are members of the Trichomonascus clade, with the genus Blastobotrys having taxonomic priority for anamorphic states. Trigonopsis variabilis and three species of Candida represent a distinct clade. From the foregoing gene sequence analyses, the new ascosporic genus Sugiyamaella is proposed, as are 14 new species combinations and the new family Trichomonascaceae.
( 2013 )
Relationships among genera of the Saccharomycotina (Ascomycota) from multigene phylogenetic analysis of type species.
PMID : 22978764 : DOI : 10.1111/1567-1364.12006
Relationships among ascomycetous yeast genera (subphylum Saccharomycotina, phylum Ascomycota) have been uncertain. In the present study, type species of 70 currently recognized genera are compared from divergence in the nearly entire nuclear gene sequences for large subunit rRNA, small subunit (SSU) rRNA, translation elongation factor-1�\, and RNA polymerase II, subunits 1 (RPB1) and 2 (RPB2). The analysis substantiates earlier proposals that all known ascomycetous yeast genera now assigned to the Saccharomycotina represent a single clade. Maximum likelihood analysis resolved the taxa into eight large multigenus clades and four-one- and two-genus clades. Maximum parsimony and neighbor-joining analyses gave similar results. Genera of the family Saccharomycetaceae remain as one large clade as previously demonstrated, to which the genus Cyniclomyces is now assigned. Pichia, Saturnispora, Kregervanrija, Dekkera, Ogataea and Ambrosiozyma are members of a single large clade, which is separate from the clade that includes Barnettozyma, Cyberlindnera, Phaffomyces, Starmera and Wickerhamomyces. Other clades include Kodamaea, Metschnikowia, Debaryomyces, Cephaloascus and related genera, which are separate from the clade that includes Zygoascus, Trichomonascus, Yarrowia and others. This study once again demonstrates that there is limited congruence between a system of classification based on phenotype and a system determined from DNA sequences.
( 1997 )
Molecular cloning of TvDAO1, a gene encoding a D-amino acid oxidase from Trigonopsis variabilis and its expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces lactis.
PMID : 9434346 : DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0061(199712)13:15<1399::AID-YEA187>3.0.CO;2-7
The DAO1 gene of Trigonopsis variabilis encoding a D-amino acid oxidase (EC 126.96.36.199) was isolated from genomic clones selected for their specific hybridization to synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes based on regions of the enzyme that have been conserved through evolution. The nucleotide sequence of the gene predicts a protein with similarities to human, pig, rabbit, mouse and Fusarium solani D-amino acid oxidases. The open reading frame of the T. variabilis DAO1 gene was interrupted by an intron. The Dao1p sequence displays two regions, one in the N-terminal section--the FAD binding site--and the other near the C-terminal region that contains conserved signatures found in all the D-amino acid oxidases. The three C-terminal amino acids suggest that the enzyme may be located in peroxisomes. Northern blot experiments showed that no transcriptional activation occurred in the presence of D-methionine. The cDNA encoding Dao1p was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces lactis. Both yeast species are able to synthesize a functional enzyme under the control of the GAL1 promoter. In K. lactis, up to six times more enzyme units per gram of dry weight are produced with a multicopy plasmid in comparison with the wild-type strain of T. variabilis. The yeast expression system we describe may constitute an alternative source for the production of D-amino acid oxidases at industrial level.