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The information shown in this page was generated using the cross-referenced linkage within public domain database between their strains and BCRC related strains. Usually the information provided from public domain databases varies with different confidences and errors, BCRC provides the related information here at best effort, but BCRC doesn't take the responsibility about the correctness of the information provided here.

Taxonomy Citation ID Reference
9203 Rogosa, M., and Hansen, P.A. "Nomenclatural considerations of certain species of Lactobacillus Beijerinck. Request for an opinion." Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1971) 21:177-186. [No PubMed record available.]
9202 Orla-Jensen, S.: The lactic acid bacteria. Host & Son, Copenhagen (1919). pp. 1-118. [No PubMed record available.]
3809 Weiss, N., Schillinger, U., and Kandler, O. "Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov." Syst. Appl. Microbiol. (1983) 4:552-557. [No PubMed record available.]
3808 Skerman, V.B.D., McGowan, V., and Sneath, P.H.A. (editors): "Approved lists of bacterial names." Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1980) 30:225-420. [See 'Approved Lists of Bacterial Names' LinkOut below.]
2754 VALIDATION LIST No. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1984) 34:270-271.
17717 van de Guchte  M, Penaud  S, Grimaldi  C, Barbe  V, Bryson  K, Nicolas  P, Robert  C, Oztas  S, Mangenot  S, Couloux  A, Loux  V, Dervyn  R, Bossy  R, Bolotin  A, Batto  JM, Walunas  T, Gibrat  JF, Bessières  P, Weissenbach  J, Ehrlich  SD, Maguin  E,     ( 2006 )

The complete genome sequence of Lactobacillus bulgaricus reveals extensive and ongoing reductive evolution.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (24)
PMID : 16754859 DOI  :   10.1073/pnas.0603024103     PMC  :   PMC1482600     DOI  :   10.1073/pnas.0603024103     PMC  :   PMC1482600    
Abstract >>
Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) is a representative of the group of lactic acid-producing bacteria, mainly known for its worldwide application in yogurt production. The genome sequence of this bacterium has been determined and shows the signs of ongoing specialization, with a substantial number of pseudogenes and incomplete metabolic pathways and relatively few regulatory functions. Several unique features of the L. bulgaricus genome support the hypothesis that the genome is in a phase of rapid evolution. (i) Exceptionally high numbers of rRNA and tRNA genes with regard to genome size may indicate that the L. bulgaricus genome has known a recent phase of important size reduction, in agreement with the observed high frequency of gene inactivation and elimination; (ii) a much higher GC content at codon position 3 than expected on the basis of the overall GC content suggests that the composition of the genome is evolving toward a higher GC content; and (iii) the presence of a 47.5-kbp inverted repeat in the replication termination region, an extremely rare feature in bacterial genomes, may be interpreted as a transient stage in genome evolution. The results indicate the adaptation of L. bulgaricus from a plant-associated habitat to the stable protein and lactose-rich milk environment through the loss of superfluous functions and protocooperation with Streptococcus thermophilus.
KeywordMeSH Terms
Base Sequence
Evolution, Molecular
Genome, Bacterial
Base Sequence
Evolution, Molecular
Genome, Bacterial

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