|Taxonomy Citation ID||Reference|
( 2013 )
Description of Noviherbaspirillum malthae gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from an oil-contaminated soil, and proposal to reclassify Herbaspirillum soli, Herbaspirillum aurantiacum, Herbaspirillum canariense and Herbaspirillum psychrotolerans as Noviherbaspirillum soli comb. nov., Noviherbaspirillum aurantiacum comb. nov., Noviherbaspirillum canariense comb. nov. and Noviherbaspirillum psychrotolerans comb. nov. based on polyphasic analysis.
PMID : 23749276 DOI : 10.1099/ijs.0.048231-0
An aerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium with polar flagella, strain CC-AFH3(T), was isolated from an oil-contaminated site located in Kaohsiung county, Taiwan. Strain CC-AFH3(T) grew at 20-40 �XC, pH 5.0-10.0 and <2 % (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain CC-AFH3(T) showed the greatest degree of similarity to Herbaspirillum soli SUEMI10(T) (96.5 %), H. aurantiacum SUEMI08(T) (96.3 %), H. canariense SUEMI03(T) (96.0 %), H. psychrotolerans PB1(T) (95.4 %) and members of other Herbaspirillum species (94.1-95.2 %), and lower similarity to members of other genera (<94 %). Phylogenetic analyses also positioned the novel strain in the genus Herbaspirillum as an independent lineage. The major fatty acids in strain CC-AFH3(T) were C10 : 0 3-OH, C12 : 0, C14 : 0 2-OH, C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, C17 : 0 cyclo, C16 : 1�s7c/C16 : 1�s6c and C18 : 1�s7c/C18 : 1�s6c. The major polar lipids of strain CC-AFH3(T) were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The predominant quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8) and the DNA G+C content was 63.4 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis in combination with physiological and chemotaxonomic data, strain CC-AFH3(T) represents a novel species in a new genus, for which we propose the name Noviherbaspirillum malthae gen. nov., sp. nov.; the type strain of Noviherbaspirillum malthae is CC-AFH3(T) (= BCRC 80516(T) = JCM 18414(T)). We also propose the reclassification of Herbaspirillum soli, Herbaspirillum aurantiacum, Herbaspirillum canariense and 'Herbaspirillum psychrotolerans' as Noviherbaspirillum soli comb. nov. (type strain SUEMI10(T) = LMG 26149(T) = CECT 7840(T)), Noviherbaspirillum aurantiacum comb. nov. (type strain SUEMI08(T) = LMG 26150(T) = CECT 7839(T)), Noviherbaspirillum canariense comb. nov. (type strain SUEMI03(T) = LMG 26151(T) = CECT 7838(T)) and Noviherbaspirillum psychrotolerans comb. nov. (type strain PB1(T) = DSM 26001(T) = LMG 27282(T)), respectively. An emended description of Herbaspirillum seropedicae is also presented.