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Taxonomy Citation ID Reference
46255 Sasi Jyothsna  TS, Tushar  L, Sasikala  C, Ramana  CV,     ( 2016 )

Paraclostridium benzoelyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment and reclassification of Clostridium bifermentans as Paraclostridium bifermentans comb. nov. Proposal of a new genus Paeniclostridium gen. nov. to accommodate Clostridium sordellii and Clostridium ghonii.

International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 66 (3)
PMID : 26738915 DOI  :   10.1099/ijsem.0.000874    
Abstract >>
Twenty-three rod-shaped, endospore-forming, Gram-stain-positive, obligately anaerobic bacteria were isolated from different marine sediment samples of Gujarat. All 23 strains shared 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of ?100 %. Strain JC272T was designated the type strain and shared highest sequence similarity with Clostridium bifermentans ATCC 638T (99.8 %), Clostridium ghonii JCM 1400T (98.0 %), Clostridium sordellii ATCC 9714T (97.9 %) and other members of the genus Clostridium (< 96.4 %). C16 : 0, C18 : 0, C17 : 0, C16 : 1�s9c and iso-C16 : 0 were the major (>5 %) fatty acids. Strain JC272T contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and two unidentified amino lipids. Genome-based analysis of average nucleotide identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) of strain JC272T with C. bifermentans ATCC 638T yielded values of 94.35 and 58.5 �� 2.8 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain JC272T was 28.3 mol%. Strain JC272T together with C. bifermentans were found to fall outside Clostridium rRNA cluster I considered as Clostridium senso stricto. Based on ANI value, in-silico DDH, and distinct morphological and physiological differences from the previously described taxa, we suggest that strain JC272T represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Clostridiaceae, for which the name Paraclostridium benzoelyticum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JC272T (= KCTC 15476T = LMG 28745T). It is also proposed to transfer C. bifermentans to this new genus, as Paraclostridium bifermentans comb. nov. (type strain ATCC 638T = DSM 14991T = JCM 1386T). The genus Paeniclostridium gen. nov. is proposed to accommodate C. sordellii and C. ghonii as Paeniclostridium sordellii comb. nov. (type strain ATCC 9714T = LMG 15708T = JCM 3814T) and Paeniclostridium ghonii comb. nov. (type strain ATCC 25757T = DSM 15049T = JCM 1400T).
KeywordMeSH Terms
38216 Yutin  N, Galperin  MY,     ( 2013 )

A genomic update on clostridial phylogeny: Gram-negative spore formers and other misplaced clostridia.

Environmental microbiology 15 (10)
PMID : 23834245 DOI  :   10.1111/1462-2920.12173     PMC  :   PMC4056668    
Abstract >>
The class Clostridia in the phylum Firmicutes (formerly low-G+C Gram-positive bacteria) includes diverse bacteria of medical, environmental and biotechnological importance. The Selenomonas-Megasphaera-Sporomusa branch, which unifies members of the Firmicutes with Gram-negative-type cell envelopes, was recently moved from Clostridia to a separate class Negativicutes. However, draft genome sequences of the spore-forming members of the Negativicutes revealed typically clostridial sets of sporulation genes. To address this and other questions in clostridial phylogeny, we have compared a phylogenetic tree for a concatenated set of 50 widespread ribosomal proteins with the trees for beta subunits of the RNA polymerase (RpoB) and DNA gyrase (GyrB) and with the 16S rRNA-based phylogeny. The results obtained by these methods showed remarkable consistency, suggesting that they reflect the true evolutionary history of these bacteria. These data put the Selenomonas-Megasphaera-Sporomusa group back within the Clostridia. They also support placement of Clostridium difficile and its close relatives within the family Peptostreptococcaceae; we suggest resolving the long-standing naming conundrum by renaming it Peptoclostridium difficile. These data also indicate the existence of a group of cellulolytic clostridia that belong to the family Ruminococcaceae. As a tentative solution to resolve the current taxonomical problems, we propose assigning 78 validly described Clostridium species that clearly fall outside the family Clostridiaceae to six new genera: Peptoclostridium, Lachnoclostridium, Ruminiclostridium, Erysipelatoclostridium, Gottschalkia and Tyzzerella. This work reaffirms that 16S rRNA and ribosomal protein sequences are better indicators of evolutionary proximity than phenotypic traits, even such key ones as the structure of the cell envelope and Gram-staining pattern.
KeywordMeSH Terms
Genome, Bacterial
9961 Prevot, A.R. "Etudes de systematique bacterienne. IV. Critique de la conception actuelle du genre Clostridium." Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) (1938) 61:72-91. [No PubMed record available.]
21896 Hall, I.C., and Scott, J.P. "Bacillus sordellii, a cause of malignant edema in man." J. Infect. Dis. (1927) 41:329-335. [No PubMed record available.]

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